Some chess openings are more
powerful than others. Using these powerful chess openings can aid in improving
your game, as well as increase your chances of winning.
It's beneficial to recognize
and understand the best openings. Having this knowledge can help you know what
openings are the best for certain situations, and ultimately lead to your
confidence being increased in the game's beginning phase.
Some of the most commonly
used chess openings that allow for a great start to any game are:
This chess opening is also
known as the “Spanish Game.” The naming behind this opening is after Rodrigo
(Ruy) Lopez de Segura, who was a Spanish bishop.
The reason for the chess
opening being named after the Spanish bishop is because this particular chess
opening was analyzed in his 1561 work, “Libro de la Invencion Liberal y Arte
del Juego del Axedrez.” This translated to “The Book of the Liberal Invention
and Art of the Game of Chess.”
The chess opening highlighted
in this book still remains as one of the most popular chess openings, even
after nearly half a millennium of being discovered. Chess experts have
formulated numerous variations, and there are a vast amount of strategic plans
that are available for black and white.
Ruy Lopez’s started position
is reached after these moves:
Some of Ruy Lopez's popular
lines are the Berlin defense, Steinitz defense, and the Morphy defense. All of
these variations, as well as other variations, led to several
The Italian Game was first
developed in the 1600s and also called the “giuoco piano,” which translates to “the
quiet game.” Although it remained popular in the 19th century, it
has been replaced by the Ruy Lopez as white’s favorite choice on the third
Using this opening helps Bc4
threaten black's moderately defenseless f7 pawn. However, there are better
defensive techniques nowadays that show this to be less dangerous than Bb5.
The Italian Game can still be
a useful move as it leads to open aggressive positions, which can be quite fun.
Although the Italian Game isn't seen to be as effective as the Ruy Lopez, it
still is very popular with all levels, especially among club players.
Variations included in the Italian Game are the Hungarian defense and the two
The following moves reach the
The French Defense
This chess opening (1. e4,
e6) grants central space to white while limiting the scope of the king's
bishop. However, the French Defense also prevents tactics against f7 to be
formulated. Added to this, black is allowed activity on the queenside and can
counterplay in the center.
After the most standard line
of 2. d4, d5, white's 'e' is automatically threatened. This leads to whites
deciding how to deal with this pressure. This sparks several variations that
can include the advance variation, exchange variation, Tarrasch variation,
classical variation, and Winawer variation.
These are just some of the
most popular chess opening moves. There are many out there, and the more you
play, the easier it is to find out which is your favorite.